Teen Librarian Monthly August 2015

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All Sorts of Possible Blog Tour: Blurred lines between reality and magic – Why have this element in your stories?

All Sorts of Possible COVERI have only written two novels so it’s difficult to say precisely what sort of writer I am. Furthermore, who knows what I’ll end up writing next. But it is true to say that in my first two books I have grafted the magical and the supernatural onto the real world in which both stories take place. I’m not entirely sure why this is because it’s just been a natural process of storytelling for me, but I’ll have a go at trying to give you some reasons as to why I think it might be.

Certainly I have always been a bit of a daydreamer, a person who likes to imagine ‘what if’ and escape the confines of the real world in which we live. It has therefore seemed a logical step to do this in my writing too, where a blank page gives me the opportunity to imagine anything I want to and make it come alive with words. I have also been a big observer of people too, making me slightly detached from the real world. Perhaps a combination of these two traits adds a twist to the stories I try and write?

Or perhaps it’s just because I’m lazy, that I can’t be bothered to world build a huge alternative universe so I just take a few magical elements and graft them onto the ordinary world that I know and can describe. Or maybe it’s down to the things that I have read that influence my writing. For example I like poetry and this can be quite hyper real or even surreal sometimes, using heightened, powerful language as a lens through which to view the world. (I often think of reading poetry like looking through a child’s kaleidoscope and seeing lots of different things at once, such can be the power of the words sometimes). It could be that I haven’t really grown up and that my inner child is still quite strong and influencing the way I write, infusing it with a slightly magical view of the world.

I don’t seem to be very good at pinning this down!

So perhaps I should try a different approach and look elsewhere for an answer. After all whatever there is in my personal make up that makes me put the real and the magical together does not really make me unique because there are lots of writers who write novels in a similar vein, who write stories in ways that put a unique spin on the world we know. Some people define it as magical realism whilst others don’t. Regardless of what label to use, this type of writing seems to be a genre defined by the fact that it is quite difficult to define, flirting as it does with various other genres and where anything is possible in the story, limited only by a writer’s imagination.

Another notable trait of this form of storytelling is that to enable the magical element to resonate the normal world has to feel very real too. So magical realist writers, whilst being imaginative and off kilter, have to be very gritty realists as well, showing us the real world in a finely tuned manner. I think this realism is one of the key strengths of this type of work.

However, I think the best way to portray magical realism is by describing the feeling it engenders when read, namely a vague dislocation of normality, a slightly skewed vision of the world that can make a reader giddy, putting them off balance. In other words, books of this type can be constantly surprising.

So why is it such a popular genre for writers (me included) to work in? Well, I think it might be because writers are explorers, weighing up what they have been told about the world (what their brains have stored up through childhood, adolescence and beyond) and how it functions. Through the process of storytelling they are working things out for themselves about life without necessarily drawing conclusions.

For example, David Almond, whose work is often described as magical realism, talks a lot about the impact of his Catholic upbringing in many of the interviews I have read, and he is aware of how wrestling with it has impacted on his writing, namely that of negotiating the tension between rational and magical thinking, of what to believe:

When you are at a limit, you pray. At the end of rationalism that’s what’s left. My work explores the frontier between rationalism and superstition and the wavering boundary between the two.


This idea that writers are working things out for themselves may be one reason why magical realism is popular in YA and also MG. Children and adolescents usually accept they don’t know everything about the world and are in the process of trying to work it all out too. There is, perhaps, a sense of collaboration between these readers and magical realist writers within the arena of storytelling. I like to think those adults who read magical realism – whether YA, MG or the literary stuff for grown ups – are ones who still have enough sense to realize they don’t know everything about the world either, that they aren’t overpowered by hubris.

So I think magical realism is a powerful tool for exploring and feeling one’s way in the world, allowing the reader and the writer the freedom to react to the odd, the strange, and the downright mysterious. I like to think this is one reason for why I have written the books I have so far. But I can think of another reason too.

One further spin off from this genre is that readers’ imaginations are given a work out. I know from my own experiences of writing that creativity is a muscle – it needs to be inspired to grow stronger – and if books that fuse the magical, the fantastical and the mysterious with the real help to inspire and fuel creativity in other people then that has to be a good thing. Maybe that’s the real reason I write the way that I do, to inspire readers and make them think and question and imagine for themselves…?

Rupert Wallis

Crowdsourcing an Updated Library Advocacy Resource

The Carnegie UK Trust is looking for public librarians to tell them about the activities that public library or library service run.

They are updating their Speaking Volumes resource databases and need feedback from any and all librarians working in public libraries in thr UK.

For full details and to find out more follow this link:


make impact carnegie
The Carnegie UK Trust works to improve the lives of people throughout the UK and Ireland, by changing minds through influencing policy, and by changing lives through innovative practice and partnership work.

Creating a Thirst for Knowledge: The Dawn of the Unread


Nottingham Trent University won the Teaching Excellence Award for The Dawn of the Unread online, interactive comic.

Incensed by the closures of libraries and low literacy in 21st-century Britain, the famous historical literary figures of Nottingham rise from the grave to wreak revenge.

Find out more about the project here:

Visit the Dawn of the Unread website here and be inspired: http://www.dawnoftheunread.com/

The remit of Dawn of the Unread is not to thrust ‘complex’ books on people to read. It’s to create a thirst for knowledge. To tease, tantalise and inspire. To use digital technology to enable numerous routes into literature knowing that our reading paths are ultimately solitary and taken at different speeds. And if kids go on to the library to get out books it will be because they want to learn more.

Read the full manifesto for Dawn of the Unread here

YALSA’s Competencies for Librarians Serving Youth: Young Adults Deserve the Best

If you are interested in becoming a teen librarian or helping out with working with young people in public libraries then check out YALSA’s competencies, developed through decades of work with young people.

YALSA first developed these competencies in 1981, which were revised in 1998, 2003, and 2010. The competencies can be used as a tool to evaluate and improve service, a foundation for library school curriculum, a framework for staff training and a set of guiding principles for use when speaking out for the importance of services to teens in libraries.

Audiences for the competencies include:

Library educators
School and library administrators
Graduate students
Young adult specialists
School librarians
Library training coordinators
Public library generalists
Human resources directors
Non-library youth advocates and service providers

Download the competencies here:


The Cat with a Really Big Head

I have spoken about the love I have for Roman Dirge’s work before; it is a weird, slightly disturbing love that would have a restraining order out against it if it were not so lazy and just waited for comics by Mr Dirge to be delivered.

The latest item to be delivered was Roman Dirge’s The Cat with a Really Big Head. It is a collection of textual works with illustrations by the man himself and it is totally disgusting* (and sickeningly cute)! It reminded me of something my cat threw up, if fact there is an illustration of something the cat did throw up!

Please note that I am not saying that I disliked this work – no not at all! It is wonderful and disturbing, the stories contained within are fairly simple and incredibly entertaining but it is the artwork that makes this volume sing.

There are three stories contained within – the first one being the titular cat, and anyone who has owned a cat will recognize the illustrations as being horribly accurate (although not everyone will have owned a cat with a huge head).
The second story, A Big Question, told in verse is my favourite tale it is a fairly short intermission between the two main stories and concerns Little Alisa McGee who was as cute as could be… needless to say it does not end well but it does put the ‘awwww’ in autopsy.

The second chapter is The Monsters In My Tummy which is sort of like the Star Trek Mirror Universe version of Pixar’s Inside Out except it was written years before it came out.

This story is for anyone who has been in love and had their heart pulled out and ripped to shreds by the one they loved.

The stories Cat with a Really Big Head is recommended for anyone who loves their stories dark and disturbing but with a really good rhythm.

It goes without saying that it may not be suitable for the very young, sensitive or those that take a dim view of gratuitous dark humour…


*In the best possible way

Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier

On a trip to the South of France, the shy heroine of Rebecca falls in love with Maxim de Winter, a handsome widower. Although his proposal comes as a surprise, she happily agrees to marry him.

But as they arrive at her husband’s home, Manderley, a change comes over Maxim, and the young bride is filled with dread. Friendless in the isolated mansion, she realises that she barely knows him.
In every corner of every room is the phantom of his beautiful first wife, Rebecca, and the new Mrs de Winter walks in her shadow.

It has been over 20 years since I first picked up the book and when I started reading the chills crawled down my spine.

It was the opening line that did it;

Last night I dreamt I went to Manderley again.


I have never experienced a reread so viscerally as I did with Rebecca!

This read was haunted by the ghost of past reader me who hung over my shoulder reliving the feelings I experienced back then.

I would have been around 11 going on 12 when I first encountered it, I heard the girls in my class whispering about it – it was always whispers with Rebecca. The only other book that was spoken of in hushed tones was Flowers in the Attic by Virginia Andrews – but talking about that book is a topic for another time!

I was a nosy child, I still am depending on whom you ask; so I asked them who Rebecca was, and was told that “Rebecca is not a ‘who’ Rebecca is a ‘what’ and she showed me the book but would not let me touch it.

I managed to get a copy from my school library (a medium-sized room full of books), I can remember that it was old and creased but I did not care as I loved reading.

Rebecca was first published in 1938 and stands up well against modern fiction. The pacing is slower than late 20th/early 21st century works but the language is rich and draws you in, painting a rich tapestry in your mind with beautifully descriptive passages. I found that reading it as an adult gave me a greater appreciation for du Maurier’s skill as an author and her ability to give me chills on a second reading.

Rebecca is a wonderful and near perfect example of a gothic novel; it is dark, bleak and has enough twists to keep the reader guessing. If this tome is new to you then get yourself ready to stay up all night visiting with the second Mrs. de Winter in her lovely home!

If you have already read Rebecca don’t you think it is time to go to Manderley again?

Library Lessons: Emoji Reviews

I do not know about anyone else but sometimes getting students to write reviews is akin to getting blood from a rock.

No matter how many times I show examples of good reviews or give out review questions to help students write their reviews but from a large percentage of them all I get reviews like:

“I enjoyed this book”

“It is a good book”

“This book is funny it made me laugh”

I know for a percentage of the classes I work with reading is a chore and not something that they really enjoy so this coming year I will be trying something different.

Instead of a written review I will ask them to use emoji to give an outline of what the book is about and what they thought about it. It will force them to actually think about what they have read either a novel, short story or comic book and engage their non-language communication skills as well as their creativity.

For this exercise I will allow them to use their mobile phones in the lesson

For example:

1f3c3-runner-apple-new-2015-final 1f469-woman-apple-new-2015-final

by Simon Mason


1f46e-police-officer-apple-new-2015-final1f46e-police-officer-apple-new-2015-final X boy-with-black-skin-apple-new-2015


Black Question Mark OrnamentHocho1f469-woman-apple-new-2015-finalBlack Question Mark Ornament


In the days running up to the lessons I will use emoji posters to recommend books for students to hopefully catch their interest.

Library Lessons: Looking at Genre

This lesson will act as an introduction to Genre for Year 7 students.


A particular type or style of literature, art, film or music that you can recognize because of its special features
(from: http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/learner/genre)

Start with a general discussion on genres and look at some examples

Examples of Genre:

  • Action
  • Adventure
  • Crime
  • Drama
  • Family
  • Fantasy
  • Historical Fiction
  • Horror
  • Humour
  • Paranormal
  • Romance
  • Science Fiction
  • Thriller
  • Discuss some of the features of each that make novels fall into that particular genre.


  • Can a book belong to more than one type of genre?
  • Can you think of any books that may belong to a particular genre?
  • Does the cover of a book give any indication as to what genre it could be?
  • Do you have a favourite genre?
  • Do you have a favourite novel if yes what genre does it fall into?

    Choose a book it can be your favourite book or the book you are currently reading, determine which genre it falls into then design and draw six alternate covers for it as if it was another genre. This can be done in library lesson time and also for homework.

    Teen Librarian Monthly July

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